HOW CHILDREN HAVE USED STORY AND PLAY TO NAVIGATE PROBLEMS AND DELINEATE ETHNIC BOUNDARIES
Jeanne Soileau, a teacher in New Orleans and south Louisiana for more than forty years, examines how children's folklore, especially among African Americans, has changed. From the tumult of integration to the present, her experience afforded unique opportunities to observe children as they played. With integration in New Orleans during the 1960s, Soileau notes how children began to play with one another almost immediately. Children taught each other play routines, chants, jokes, jump-rope rhymes, cheers, taunts, and teases--all the folk games that happen in normal play on the street and playground. When adults--the judges and attorneys, the parents, and the politicians--haggled and shouted, children began to hold hands in a circle, fall down together to "Ring around the Rosie," and tease each other in new and creative ways.
Children's ability to adapt can be seen not only in their response to social change, but in how they adopt and utilize pop culture and technology. Vast technological changes in the last third of the twentieth century in uenced the way children sang, danced, played, and interacted. Soileau catalogs these changes and studies how games evolve and transform as much as they are preserved. She includes several topics of study: oral narratives and songs, jokes and tales, and teasing formulae gleaned from mostly African American sources. Because much of the field work took place on public school playgrounds, this body of oral narratives remains of particular interest to teachers, folklorists, linguists, and those who study play.
In the end, Soileau shows that despite the restrictions of air-conditioning, shorter recess periods, ever-increasing hours of television watching, the growing popularity of video games, and carefully scripted after-school activities, many children in south Louisiana sustain traditional games. At the same time, they invent varied and clever new ones. As Soileau observes, children strive through their folk play to learn how to fit into a rapidly changing society.
JEANNE PITRE SOILEAU, New Iberia, Louisiana, was born in New Orleans and taught in Louisiana for forty-seven years. Though retired, she is still actively collecting folklore. Her work has appeared in Louisiana Folklore Miscellany and Western Folklore.
192 pages (approx.), 6 x 9 inches, 18 b&w illustrations, 1 map, appendices, bibliography, index